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1. chinaXiv:201802.00449 [pdf]

Carbon storage in a wolfberry plantation chronosequence established on a secondary saline land in an arid irrigated area of Gansu Province, China

MA Quanlin; WANG Yaolin; LI Yinke; SUN Tao; Eleanor MILNE
分类: 农、林、牧、渔 >> 土壤学

Carbon (C) storage has received significant attention for its relevance to agricultural security and climate change. Afforestation can increase C storage in terrestrial ecosystems, and has been recognized as an important measure to offset CO2 emissions. In order to analyze the C benefits of planting wolfberry (Lycium barbarum L.) on the secondary saline lands in arid areas, we conducted a case study on the dynamics of biomass carbon (BC) storage and soil organic carbon (SOC) storage in different-aged wolfberry plantations (4-, 7- and 11-year-old) established on a secondary saline land as well as on the influence of wolfberry plantations on C storage in the plant-soil system in an arid irrigated area (Jingtai County) of Gansu Province, China. The C sequestration and its potential in the wolfberry plantations of Gansu Province were also evaluated. An intact secondary saline land was selected as control. Results show that wolfberry planting could decrease soil salinity, and increase BC, SOC and litter C storage of the secondary saline land significantly, especially in the first 4 years after planting. The aboveground and belowground BC storage values in the intact secondary saline land (control) accounted for only 1.0% and 1.2% of those in the wolfberry plantations, respectively. Compared to the intact secondary saline land, the SOC storage values in the 4-, 7- and 11-year-old wolfberry plantations increased by 36.4%, 37.3% and 43.3%, respectively, and the SOC storage in the wolfberry plantations occupied more than 92% of the ecosystem C storage. The average BC and SOC sequestration rates of the wolfberry plantations for the age group of 0–11 years were 0.73 and 3.30 Mg C/(hm2•a), respectively. There were no significant differences in BC and SOC storage between the 7-year-old and 11-year-old wolfberry plantations, which may be due in part to the large amounts of C offtakes in new branches and fruits. In Gansu Province, the C storage in the wolfberry plantations has reached up to 3.574 Tg in 2013, and the C sequestration potential of the existing wolfberry plantations was 0.134 Tg C/a. These results indicate that wolfberry planting is an ideal agricultural model to restore the degraded saline lands and increase the C sequestration capacity of agricultural lands in arid areas.

提交时间: 2018-02-07 来自合作期刊:《Journal of Arid Land》 点击量703下载量249 评论 0

2. chinaXiv:201802.00448 [pdf]

Baryons as a unified solution to small scale structures issues of the #3;CDM model

李希国(Xi-Guo LEE)
分类: 天文学 >> 天体物理学

在本文中,借助半解析代码,我们展示了在CDM模型中考虑重子物理学如何解决CDM框架中暗物质晕的数值预测与从矮小星系尺度到星系团观测结果之间的差异,而不需要像[1]最近提出的不同形式的暗物质。结合已有的结果,本文首次说明了在正确考虑重子物理的情况下,如何自然地得到星系团的平坦分布及其几个主要性质之间的关联,如何解决所谓的“多样性问题”,以及如何在考虑重子物理时很好地再现IC 2574极具挑战性的极低上升旋转曲线。因此,我们建议在标准宇宙学模型中引入新的奇异特征之前,尽管是合法的,重子模型。 物理学应该得到适当的处理,以便与观测达成一致。

提交时间: 2018-02-07 点击量423下载量295 评论 0

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