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Subjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

After the discovery of a standard model (SM)-like Higgs boson, naturalness strongly favors the next-to-minimal supersymmetric SM. In this letter, we point out that the natural next-to-minimal supersymmetric SM usually predicts the following CP-even Higgs H-i sector: (A) H-2 is the SM-like Higgs boson with mass pushed upward by a lighter H-1 with mass overwhelmingly within [m(H2)/2, m(H2)]; (B) m(H3) similar or equal to 2 mu/sin 2 beta greater than or similar to 300 GeV; (C) H-3 has a significant coupling to the top quark and can decay to H1H2 with a large branching ratio. Using a jet substructure we show that these three Higgs bosons can be discovered via gg -> H-3 -> H1H2 -> b (b) over barl nu jj at the 14 TeV LHC. In particular, the LEP-LHC scenario with H-1 similar or equal to 98 GeV has a very good discovery potential. |

Two component dark matter with multi-Higgs portals

Bian, Ligong; Li, Tianjun; Shu, Jing; Wang, Xiao-ChuanSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

With the assistance of two extra groups, i.e., an extra hidden gauge group SU(2)(D) and a global U(1) group, we propose a two component dark matter (DM) model. After the symmetry SU(2)(D) x U(1) being broken, we obtain both the vector and scalar DM candidates. The two DM candidates communicate with the standard model (SM) via three Higgs as multi-Higgs portals. The three Higgs are mixing states of the SM Higgs, the Higgs of the hidden sector and real part of a supplement complex scalar singlet. We study relic density and direct detection of DM in three scenarios. The resonance behaviors and interplay between the two component DM candidates are represented through investigating of the relic density in the parameter spaces of the two DMs masses. The electroweak precision parameters constrains the two Higgs portals couplings (lambda(m) and delta(2)). The relevant vacuum stability and naturalness problem in the parameter space of lambda(m) and delta(2) are studied as well. The model could alleviate these two problems in some parameter spaces under the constraints of electroweak precision observables and Higgs indirect search. |

Realistic flipped SU(5) from orbifold SO(10)

Balazs, Csaba; Kang, Zhaofeng; Li, Tianjun; Wang, Fei; Yang, Jin MinSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We propose a realistic flipped SU(5) model derived from a five-dimensional orbifold SO(10) model. The Standard Model (SM) fermion masses and mixings are explained by combining the traditional Froggatt-Nielsen mechanism with the five-dimensional wave function profiles of the SM fermions. Employing tree-level spontaneous R-symmetry breaking in the hidden sector and extra( ordinary) gauge mediation, we obtain realistic supersymmetry breaking soft mass terms with non-vanishing gaugino masses. Including the messenger fields at the intermediate scale and Kaluza-Klein states at the compactification scale, we study gauge coupling unification. We show that the SO(10) unified gauge coupling is very strong and the unification scale can be much higher than the compactification scale. We briefly discuss proton decay as well. |

Low-scale SU(4)(W) unification

Balazs, Csaba; Li, Tianjun; Wang, Fei; Yang, Jin MinSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We embed the minimal left-right model SU(2) L x SU(2) R x U(1)B-L into an SU(4) W gauge group, and break the unified group via five-dimensional S-1/(Z(2) x Z2) orbifolding. Leptons are fitted into SU(4)(W) multiplets and located on a symmetry preserving O brane, while quarks are placed onto an O' brane where the symmetry is broken. This approach predicts sin(2) theta(W) = 0.25 for the weak mixing angle at tree level and leads to a rather low weakly ( strongly) coupled unification scale of order 3 x 10(2) TeV (several TeV) with supersymmetry, or as low as several TeV in the non-supersymmetric case. Another symmetry breaking chain with the low-energy gauge group SU(2)(L) x U(1)(3R) x U(1)(B-L) can also give rise to a weak mixing angle sin 2. W = 0.25 at tree level after gauge symmetry breaking by orbifolding. Such theories with low-scale unification have interesting phenomenological consequences. |

The SU(3)(C) x SU(4)(W) x U(1)B-L models with left-right unification

Li, Tianjun; Wang, Fei; Yang, Jin MinSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

To understand the origin of the left-right symmetry, we study a partial unification model based on SU(4)(W) x U(1)(B-L) which can be broken down to the mini mal left-right model either through the Higgs mechanism in four dimensions or through the five-dimensional orbifolding gauge symmetry breaking, especially we propose to use the rank reducing outer automorphism orbifolding breaking mechanism. We scrutinized all these breaking mechanisms and found that for the orbifold breaking in five dimensions, the rank-reducing outer automorphism is better than the inner automorphism and can make the low energy theory free of the U(1)Z anomaly. It is possible for the outer automorphism orbifolding breaking mechanism to be non-anomalous without Chern-Simons terms and new localized fermions. For the four-dimensional model with the Higgs mechanism, we study in detail both its structure and its typical phenomenology. It turns out that this four-dimensional scenario may predict some new phenomenology since the new mirror fermions (which are introduced in order to fill the SM fermions into SU(4)W without anomaly) are preserved at low energy scale and mix with the SM fermions. We also examine the gauge coupling unification in each case, and discuss the possibility for unifying this partial unification group with the Pati-Salam group SU(4)(PS) to realize a grand unification. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. |

Heavy standard model-like Higgs boson and a light stop from Yukawa-deflected gauge mediation

Kang, Zhaofeng; Li, Tianjun; Liu, Tao; Tong, Chunli; Yang, Jin MinSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

To obtain a standard model-like Higgs boson around 125 GeV in the minimal supersymmetric standard model with minimal gauge mediation of supersymmetry breaking (GMSB), a heavy stop at multi-TeV level is needed and incurs severe fine-tuning, which can be ameliorated in the framework of the deformed GMSB with visible-hidden direct Yukawa interactions (YGMSB). We examine some general features of the YGMSB and focus on the scenario with Higgs-messenger couplings (HYGMSB) which can automatically maintain the minimal flavor violation. It turns out that such a Yukawa mediation scenario can give a large -Lambda(t) and -m((t) over tildeL,R)(2), leading to a maximal stop mixing, and thus can readily give a light stop ((t) over tilde (1)) below the TeV scale. However, we find that in the minimal HYGMSB scenario, m(Hu)(2) is too large and then the electroweak symmetry breaking is inconsistent with the large stop mixing. To solve this problem, we modify the hidden sectors in two ways, adding a new strong gauge dynamics or introducing the (10, (10) over bar) messengers. For each case we present some numerical studies. |

Top and bottom seesaw from supersymmetric strong dynamics

Balazs, Csaba; Li, Tianjun; Wang, Fei; Yang, Jin MinSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We propose a top and bottom seesaw model with partial composite top and bottom quarks. Such composite quarks and topcolor gauge bosons are bound states from supersymmetric strong dynamics by Seiberg duality. Supersymmetry breaking also induces the breaking of topcolor into the QCD gauge coupling. The low energy description of our model reduces to a complete non-minimal extension of the top seesaw model with bottom seesaw. The non-minimal nature is crucial for Higgs mixings and the appearance of light Higgs fields. The Higgs fields are bound states of partial composite particles with the lightest one compatible with a 125 GeV Higgs field which was discovered at the LHC. |

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