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Spherical Relativistic Hartree theory in a Woods-Saxon basis

Shan-Gui Zhou Jie Meng P. RingSubjects: Physics >> Nuclear Physics

The Woods-Saxon basis has been suggested to replace the widely used harmonic oscillator basis for solving the relativistic mean field (RMF) theory in order to generalize it to study exotic nuclei. As examples, relativistic Hartree theory is solved for spherical nuclei in a Woods-Saxon basis obtained by solving either the Schro ?dinger equation or the Dirac equation (labelled as SRHSWS and SRHDWS, respectively and SRHWS for both). In SRHDWS, the negative levels in the Dirac Sea must be properly included. The basis in SRHDWS could be smaller than that in SRHSWS which will simplify the deformed problem. The results from SRHWS are compared in detail with those from solving the spherical relativistic Hartree theory in the harmonic oscillator basis (SRHHO) and those in the coordinate space (SRHR). All of these approaches give identical nuclear properties such as total binding energies and root mean square radii for stable nuclei. For exotic nuclei, e.g., 72Ca, SRHWS satisfactorily reproduces the neutron density distribution from SRHR, while SRHHO fails. It is shown that the Woods-Saxon basis can be extended to more complicated situations for exotic nuclei where both deformation and pairing have to be taken into account. |

Spin symmetry in the anti-nucleon spectrum

Shan-Gui Zhou Jie Meng P. RingSubjects: Physics >> Nuclear Physics

We discuss spin and pseudo-spin symmetry in the spectrum of single nucleons and single anti- nucleons in a nucleus. As an example we use relativistic mean field theory to investigate single anti-nucleon spectra. We find a very well developed spin symmetry in single anti-neutron and single anti-proton spectra. The dominant components of the wave functions of the spin doublet are almost identical. This spin symmetry in anti-particle spectra and the pseudo-spin symmetry in particle spectra have the same origin. However it turns out that the spin symmetry in anti-nucleon spectra is much better developed than the pseudo-spin symmetry in normal nuclear single particle spectra. |

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