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1. chinaXiv:202008.00035 [pdf]

A new species of Luganoia (Luganoiidae, Neopterygii) from the Middle Triassic Xingyi Biota, Guizhou, China

XU Guang-Hui
Subjects: Biology >> Zoology

新鳍鱼类是辐鳍鱼亚纲中最大的现生类群,中三叠世卢加诺鱼科则是新鳍鱼类干群中的一支,具有特化的头骨和特别高的侧腹鳞片。自1939年命名以来,卢加诺鱼科仅以瑞士东部和南部、意大利北部和西班牙东南部中三叠世海相地层安尼期/拉丁期界线附近发现的瓷鳞卢加诺鱼(Luganoia lepidosteoides)为唯一代表。根据贵州兴义中三叠世晚期(拉丁期)海相地层发现的一块较完整的精美鱼化石,命名了卢加诺鱼属一新种,祥瑞卢加诺鱼(Luganoia fortuna sp. nov.)。新种代表了卢加诺鱼科在亚洲的首次出现,表明此科的生物地理分布比之前认识的要大很多。基于新种与模式种的比较研究,修订了卢加诺鱼属的鉴定特征,揭示了该属过去一些未注意到的解剖学特征,例如存在一对眶前骨,缺少板片状的方颧骨,背鳍基部具有一狭长的裸露身体区域;臀鳍很小,与尾鳍的距离比与腹鳍更近;后匙骨缺失。此外,详细列举了中国新种与欧洲模式种的形态差异,研究结果为了解卢加诺鱼属的形态多样性提供了重要信息。

submitted time 2020-08-02 From cooperative journals:《古脊椎动物学报》 Hits7914Downloads787 Comment 0

2. chinaXiv:201711.01907 [pdf]

A new ionoscopiform fish (Holostei: Halecomorphi) from the Middle Triassic (Anisian) of Yunnan, China

MA Xin-Ying; XU Guang-Hui
Subjects: Biology >> Zoology

Ionoscopiformes, sister to Amiiformes, are an extinct group of halecomorph fishes previously known mainly from the late Middle Triassic (Ladinian) and Late Jurassic of Europe and the Early Cretaceous of the New World. They have not been known in China until recently two ionoscopiforms (Robustichthys and Panxianichthys) were found from the early Middle Triassic (Anisian) of Yunnan and Guizhou, respectively. Here, a new ionoscopiform, Subortichthys triassicus gen. et sp. nov., is described on the basis of six well-preserved specimens from the early Middle Triassic (Pelsonian, Anisian, ~244 Ma) marine deposits exposed in Luoping, eastern Yunnan, China. The discovery documents the second ionoscopiform from the Luoping fossil beds and one of the oldest ionoscopiforms in the world, providing important information for understanding the origin and early diversification of this group. Subortichthys is an unambiguous halecomorph as it possesses two synapomorphies of this clade: a symplectic articulating with the lower jaw and a notched posterior margin of the maxilla. Within the phylogenetic framework of the Halecomorphi, results of the phylogenetic analysis place Subortichthys at the base of the Ionoscopiformes because it bears a sensory canal in the maxilla (an ionoscopiform synapomorphy), but lacks derived features of other ionoscopiforms. Notably, Subortichthys is distinguished from other members of this order with a unique combination of features, such as presence of three or four pairs of extrascapulars and a much expanded third infraorbital posteriorly contacting the preopercle. The new material reveals that the earliest diversification of ionoscopiforms was well undertaken in South China (a part of east Paleotethys Ocean then) by the early Middle Triassic (Anisian).

submitted time 2017-11-07 From cooperative journals:《古脊椎动物学报》 Hits1207Downloads591 Comment 0

3. chinaXiv:201708.00327 [pdf]

High-precision temporal calibration of Middle Triassic vertebrate biostratigraphy: U-Pb zircon constraints for the Sinokannemeyeria Fauna and Yonghesuchus

LIU Jun; Jahandar RAMEZANI; LI Lu; SHANG Qing-Hua; XU Guang-Hui; WANG Yan-Yin; YANG Jia-Sheng
Subjects: Geosciences >> Geology

Tetrapod assemblages provide a useful means for global correlation of the terrestrial Triassic sedimentary deposits, but currently no reliable temporal framework has been achieved for the Middle Triassic tetrapod assemblages. Here we report U-Pb zircon chemical abrasion–thermal ionization mass spectrometry dates for five volcanic ashes interbedded with vertebrate fossils from the Ermaying and Tongchuan formations of China. Our results support a late Anisian age for the Sinokannemeyeria Fauna and an early Ladinian age for Yonghesuchus Fauna. It is now possible, through biostratigraphic correlation, to provide accurate ages to other Middle Triassic successions such as the Upper Cynognathus Assemblage Zone of the Karoo of South Africa, the Eryosuchus fauna of the Donguz Suite of Russia and the Karamayi Formation of Xinjiang, China. The base of Anisian (Lower/Middle Triassic boundary) should lie below the base of the Ermaying Formation in the Ordos Basin. 四足动物组合带是全球陆相三叠系对比的有力手段,但是迄今为止中三叠世的四足动物组合尚没有可靠的时间框架。本文报道了五个采自二马营组和铜川组,与四足动物化石共同产出的火山凝灰岩样品的锆石化学剥蚀-热电离质谱法年龄。结果表明中国肯氏兽动物群时代为安尼期晚期,而永和鳄的时代为拉丁期早期。通过生物地层对比,这一结果还为其他中三叠世的四足动物组合,如南非的犬颌兽带上部、俄罗斯的引鳄动物群以及新疆的克拉玛依组提供了准确的年龄。鄂尔多斯盆地下中三叠统界线应低于二马营组底界。

submitted time 2017-08-24 From cooperative journals:《古脊椎动物学报》 Hits2086Downloads890 Comment 0

4. chinaXiv:201708.00180 [pdf]

A new ionoscopiform fsh (Holostei: Halecomorphi) from the Middle Triassic (Anisian) of Yunnan, China

MA Xin-Ying; XU Guang-Hui
Subjects: Geosciences >> Geology

Ionoscopiformes, sister to Amiiformes, are an extinct group of halecomorph fishes previously known mainly from the late Middle Triassic (Ladinian) and Late Jurassic of Europe and the Early Cretaceous of the New World. They have not been known in China until recently two ionoscopiforms (Robustichthys and Panxianichthys) were found from the early Middle Triassic (Anisian) of Yunnan and Guizhou, respectively. Here, a new ionoscopiform, Subortichthys triassicus gen. et sp. nov., is described on the basis of six well-preserved specimens from the early Middle Triassic (Pelsonian, Anisian, ~244 Ma) marine deposits exposed in Luoping, eastern Yunnan, China. The discovery documents the second ionoscopiform from the Luoping fossil beds and one of the oldest ionoscopiforms in the world, providing important information for understanding the origin and early diversifcation of this group. Subortichthys is an unambiguous halecomorph as it possesses two synapomorphies of this clade: a symplectic articulating with the lower jaw and a notched posterior margin of the maxilla. Within the phylogenetic framework of the Halecomorphi, results of the phylogenetic analysis place Subortichthys at the base of the Ionoscopiformes because it bears a sensory canal in the maxilla (an ionoscopiform synapomorphy), but lacks derived features of other ionoscopiforms. Notably, Subortichthys is distinguished from other members of this order with a unique combination of features, such as presence of three or four pairs of extrascapulars and a much expanded third infraorbital posteriorly contacting the preopercle. The new material reveals that the earliest diversifcation of ionoscopiforms was well undertaken in South China (a part of east Paleotethys Ocean then) by the early Middle Triassic (Anisian). 预言鱼目是近鲱形类的一个绝灭支系,被认为是弓鳍鱼目的姐妹群。预言鱼目化石过去主要发现于欧洲的中三叠世拉丁期和晚侏罗世地层以及新大陆的早白垩世地层。近年来,在云南和贵州的中三叠世安尼期地层中分别发现了一种预言鱼目鱼类化石(强壮鱼和盘县鱼), 代表了该目在中国的首次发现。根据产于云南罗平中三叠世安尼期(~244 Ma)海相地层中的6块保存良好的鱼化石,命名了预言鱼目一个新的属种,三叠复兴鱼(Subortichthys triassicus gen. et sp. nov.)。三叠复兴鱼是罗平生物群中发现的第二种预言鱼目鱼类,代表了预言鱼目最古老的化石记录之一,为研究该目的起源和早期分异提供了重要信息。复兴鱼无疑可以归入近鲱形类,因为它具有近鲱形类两个共近裔性状,续骨与下颌关节以及上颌骨后缘具有凹缺。分支分析结果表明,复兴鱼位于预言鱼目的基部,因为它具有该目的重要鉴定特征,上颌骨具有感觉管,但它不具有其他预言鱼目鱼类的进步特征。特别的是,复兴鱼具有一些独特的性状,如额外肩胛骨3或4对、第三眶下骨特别宽大并与前鳃盖骨前缘相接等。复兴鱼的发现表明预言鱼目鱼类在华南地区(三叠纪时期位于古特提斯洋的东部)的早期分异至少发生在中三叠世早期(安尼期)。

submitted time 2017-08-10 From cooperative journals:《古脊椎动物学报》 Hits1138Downloads634 Comment 0

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