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1. chinaXiv:201605.01376 [pdf]

The Endoplasmic Reticulum Adaptor Protein ERAdP Initiates NK Cell Activation via the Ubc13-Mediated NF-kappa B Pathway

Chen, Jun; Hao, Lu; Li, Chong; Ye, Buqing; Du, Ying; Zhang, Honglian; Zhu, Pingping; Liu, Benyu; Yang, Liuliu; Fan, Zusen; Chen, Jun; Hao, Lu; Long, Bo; Long, Bo; Li, Peifeng; Tian, Yong
Subjects: Biology >> Biophysics >> Immunology

NK cells play a pivotal role in innate immune responses against pathogenic infections. However, the underlying mechanisms driving defined NK functions remain largely elusive. In this study, we identified a novel endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane protein, ER adaptor protein (ERAdP), which is constitutively expressed in human and mouse NK cells. ERAdP is expressed at low levels in peripheral NK cells of hepatitis B virus-associated hepatocellular carcinoma patients. We show that ERAdP initiates NK cell activation through the NF-kappa B pathway. Notably, ERAdP interacts with ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme 13 (Ubc13) to potentiate its charging activity. Thus, ERAdP augments Ubc13-mediated NF-kappa B essential modulator ubiquitination to trigger the Ubc13-mediated NF-kappa B pathway, leading to NK cell activation. Finally, ERAdP transgenic mice display hyperactivated NK cells that are more resistant to pathogenic infections. Therefore, understanding the mechanism of ERAdP-mediated NK cell activation will provide strategies for treatment of infectious diseases.

submitted time 2016-05-12 Hits2236Downloads1226 Comment 0

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