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1. chinaXiv:201605.01738 [pdf]

Crystal structure of cyclic nucleotide-binding-like protein from Brucella abortus

He, Zheng; Gao, Yuan; Li, Xuemei; Zhang, Xuejun C.; He, Zheng; Dong, Jing; Ke, Yuehua; Chen, Zeliang
Subjects: Biology >> Biophysics >> Biochemistry & Molecular Biology

The cyclic nucleotide-binding (CNB)-like protein (CNB-L) from Brucella abortus shares sequence homology with CNB domain-containing proteins. We determined the crystal structure of CNB-L at 2.0 angstrom resolution in the absence of its C-terminal helix and nucleotide. The 3D structure of CNB-L is in a twofold symmetric form. Each protomer shows high structure similarity to that of cGMP-binding domain-containing proteins, and likely mimics their nucleotide-free conformation. A key residue, Glu17, mediates the dimerization and prevents binding of cNMP to the canonical ligand-pocket. The structurally observed dimer of CNB-L is stable in solution, and thus is likely to be biologically relevant. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

submitted time 2016-05-15 Hits10134Downloads1402 Comment 0

2. chinaXiv:201605.01368 [pdf]

Substrate-bound structure of the E. coli multidrug resistance transporter MdfA

Heng, Jie; Zhao, Yan; Liu, Yue; Fan, Junping; Wang, Xianping; Zhao, Yongfang; Zhang, Xuejun C.; Heng, Jie; Zhao, Yan; Liu, Ming
Subjects: Biology >> Biophysics >> Cell Biology

Multidrug resistance is a serious threat to public health. Proton motive force-driven antiporters from the major facilitator superfamily (MFS) constitute a major group of multidrug-resistance transporters. Currently, no reports on crystal structures of MFS antiporters in complex with their substrates exist. The E. coli MdfA transporter is a well-studied model system for biochemical analyses of multidrug-resistance MFS antiporters. Here, we report three crystal structures of MdfA-ligand complexes at resolutions up to 2.0 angstrom, all in the inward-facing conformation. The substrate-binding site sits proximal to the conserved acidic residue, D34. Our mutagenesis studies support the structural observations of the substrate-binding mode and the notion that D34 responds to substrate binding by adjusting its protonation status. Taken together, our data unveil the substrate-binding mode of MFS antiporters and suggest a mechanism of transport via this group of transporters.

submitted time 2016-05-12 Hits1129Downloads634 Comment 0

3. chinaXiv:201605.01350 [pdf]

Energy coupling mechanisms of MFS transporters

Zhang, Xuejun C.; Zhao, Yan; Heng, Jie; Jiang, Daohua
Subjects: Biology >> Biophysics >> Biochemistry & Molecular Biology

Major facilitator superfamily (MFS) is a large class of secondary active transporters widely expressed across all life kingdoms. Although a common 12-transmembrane helix-bundle architecture is found in most MFS crystal structures available, a common mechanism of energy coupling remains to be elucidated. Here, we discuss several models for energy-coupling in the transport process of the transporters, largely based on currently available structures and the results of their biochemical analyses. Special attention is paid to the interaction between protonation and the negative-inside membrane potential. Also, functional roles of the conserved sequence motifs are discussed in the context of the 3D structures. We anticipate that in the near future, a unified picture of the functions of MFS transporters will emerge from the insights gained from studies of the common architectures and conserved motifs.

submitted time 2016-05-11 Hits863Downloads517 Comment 0

4. chinaXiv:201605.01294 [pdf]

Proton transfer-mediated GPCR activation

Zhang, Xuejun C.; Cao, Can; Zhou, Ye; Zhao, Yan
Subjects: Biology >> Biophysics >> Cell Biology

G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) play essential roles in signal transduction from the environment into the cell. While many structural features have been elucidated in great detail, a common functional mechanism on how the ligand-binding signal is converted into a conformational change on the cytoplasmic face resulting in subsequent activation of downstream effectors remain to be established. Based on available structural and functional data of the activation process in class-A GPCRs, we propose here that a change in protonation status, together with proton transfer via conserved structural elements located in the transmembrane region, are the key elements essential for signal transduction across the membrane.

submitted time 2016-05-11 Hits902Downloads504 Comment 0

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