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Petrov type I condition and dual fluid dynamics

Cai, Rong-Gen; Li, Li; Yang, Qing; Zhang, Yun-LongSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

Recently Lysov and Strominger [arXiv:1104.5502] showed that imposing Petrov type I condition on a (p+1)-dimensional time like hypersurface embedded in a (p+2)-dimensional vacuum Einstein gravity reduces the degrees of freedom in the extrinsic curvature of the hypersurface to that of a fluid on the hypersurface, and that the leading-order Einstein constraint equations in terms of the mean curvature of the embedding give the in compressible Navier-Stokes equations of the dual fluid. In this paper we show that the non-relativistic fluid dual to vacuum Einstein gravity does not satisfy the Petrov type I condition at next order, unless additional constraint such as their rotational condition is added. In addition, we show that this procedure can be inversed to derive the non-relativistic hydrodynamics with higher order corrections through imposing the Petrov type I condition, and that some second order transport coefficients can be extracted, but the dual "Petrov type I fluid" does not match the dual fluid constructed from the geometry of vacuum Einstein gravity in the non-relativistic limit. We discuss the procedure both on the finite cut off surface via the non-relativistic hydrodynamic expansion and on the highly accelerated surface via the near horizon expansion. |

Wilson line response of holographic superconductors in Gauss-Bonnet gravity

Cai, Rong-Gen; Li, Li; Li, Li-Fang; Zhang, Hai-Qing; Zhang, Yun-LongSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We study the Wilson line response in the holographic superconducting phase transitions in the Gauss-Bonnet gravity. In the black brane background case, the Little-Parks periodicity is independent of the Gauss-Bonnet parameter, while in the anti-de Sitter soliton case, there is no evidence for the Little-Parks periodicity. We further study the impact of the Gauss-Bonnet term on the holographic phase transitions quantitatively. For a given Wilson line, a bigger Gauss-Bonnet coefficient makes the phase transition easier for the black brane background while harder for the soliton background. For a given chemical potential, the response to the Wilson line is less sensitive for a bigger Gauss-Bonnet coefficient in the black brane case while the response is more sensitive in the soliton case. And more, a bigger Gauss-Bonnet coefficient makes the superconducting state more stable for both the black brane and the soliton backgrounds. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.87.026002 |

Holographic entanglement entropy in insulator/superconductor transition

Cai, Rong-Gen; He, Song; Li, Li; Zhang, Yun-LongSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We investigate the behaviors of entanglement entropy in the holographical insulator/superconductor phase transition. We calculate the holographic entanglement entropy for two kinds of geometry configurations in a completely back-reacted gravitational background describing the insulator/superconductor phase transition. The non-monotonic behavior of the entanglement entropy is found in tins system. In the belt geometry case, there exist four phases characterized by the chemical potential and belt width. |

Holographic forced fluid dynamics in non-relativistic limit

Cai, Rong-Gen; Li, Li; Nie, Zhang-Yu; Zhang, Yun-LongSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We study the thermodynamics and non-relativistic hydrodynamics of the holographic fluid on a finite cutoff surface in the Gauss-Bonnet gravity. It is shown that the isentropic flow of the fluid is equivalent to a radial component of gravitational field equations. We use the non-relativistic fluid expansion method to study the Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton system with a negative cosmological constant, and obtain the holographic incompressible forced Navier-Stokes equations of the dual fluid at AdS boundary and at a finite cutoff surface, respectively. The concrete forms of external forces are given. (c) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. |

Magnetic field effect on the phase transition in AdS soliton spacetime

Cai, Rong-Gen; Li, Li; Zhang, Hai-Qing; Zhang, Yun-LongSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We investigate the scalar perturbations in an anti-de Sitter soliton background coupled to a Maxwell field via marginally stable modes. In the probe limit, we study the magnetic field effect on the holographic insulator/superconductor phase transition numerically and analytically. The condensate will be localized in a finite circular region for any finite constant magnetic field. Near the critical point, we find that there exists a simple relation among the critical chemical potential, magnetic field, the charge, and mass of the scalar field. This relation indicates that the presence of the magnetic field causes the transition from insulator to superconductor to be difficult. |

Non-relativistic fluid dual to asymptotically AdS gravity at finite cutoff surface

Cai, Rong-Gen; Li, Li; Zhang, Yun-LongSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

Using the non-relativistic hydrodynamic limit, we solve equations of motion for Einstein gravity and Gauss-Bonnet gravity with a negative cosmological constant within the region between a finite cutoff surface and a black brane horizon, up to second order of the non-relativistic hydrodynamic expansion parameter. Through the Brown-York tensor, we calculate the stress energy tensor of dual fluids living on the cutoff surface. With the black brane solutions, we show that for both Einstein gravity and Gauss-Bonnet gravity, the ratio of shear viscosity to entropy density of dual fluid does not run with the cutoff surface. The incompressible Navier-Stokes equations are also obtained in both cases. |

[1 Pages/ 6 Totals]