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Particle-number conserving analysis of rotational bands in 247,249Cm and 249Cf

Zhen-Hua Zhang; Jin-Yan Zeng; En-Guang Zhao; Shan-Gui ZhouSubjects: Physics >> Nuclear Physics

The recently observed high-spin rotational bands in odd-A nuclei 247,249Cm and 249Cf [Tandel et al., Phys. Rev. C 82 (2010) 041301R] are investigated by using the cranked shell model (CSM) with the pairing correlations treated by a particle-number conserving (PNC) method in which the blocking effects are taken into account exactly. The experimental moments of inertia and alignments and their variations with the rotational frequency ω are reproduced very well by the PNC-CSM calculations. By examining the ω-dependence of the occupation probability of each cranked Nilsson orbital near the Fermi surface and the contributions of valence orbitals to the angular momentum alignment in each major shell, the level crossing and upbending mechanism in each nucleus is understood clearly. |

Subjects: Physics >> Nuclear Physics

The rotational bands in nuclei with Z ≈ 100 are investigated systematically by using a cranked shell model (CSM) with the pairing correlations treated by a particle-number conserving (PNC) method, in which the blocking effects are taken into account exactly. By fitting the experimental single-particle spectra in these nuclei, a new set of Nilsson parameters (κ and μ) and deformation parameters (ε2 and ε4) are proposed. The experimental kinematic moments of inertia for the rotational bands in even-even, odd-A and odd-odd nuclei, and the bandhead energies of the 1- quasiparticle bands in odd-A nuclei, are reproduced quite well by the PNC-CSM calculations. By analyzing the ω-dependence of the occupation probability of each cranked Nilsson orbital near the Fermi surface and the contributions of valence orbitals in each major shell to the angular momentum alignment, the upbending mechanism in this region is understood clearly. |

Nuclear superfluidity for antimagnetic rotation in 105Cd and 106Cd

Zhen-Hua Zhang; Peng-Wei Zhao; Jie MengJin-Yan Zeng; En-Guang Zhao; Shan-Gui ZhouSubjects: Physics >> Nuclear Physics

The effects of nuclear superfluidity on antimagnetic rotation bands in 105Cd and 106Cd are in- vestigated by the cranked shell model with the pairing correlations and the blocking effects treated by a particle-number conserving method. The experimental moments of inertia and the reduced B(E2) transition values are excellently reproduced. The nuclear superfluidity is essential to repro- duce the experimental moments of inertia. The two-shears-like mechanism for the antimagnetic rotation is investigated by examining the shears angle, i.e., the closing of the two proton hole angular momenta, and its sensitive dependence on the nuclear superfluidity is revealed. |

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