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1. chinaXiv:202102.00076 [pdf]

学理反思:科研诚信的度量困难与非理性风险

刘胜利
Subjects: Management Science >> Science ology and Management

本文从学理层面指出科研诚信量化评价制度的形成根源来自路径依赖和制度锁定,并深入论证了科研诚信的度量困难、实践悖论与非理性风险。研究对于补充科学政策学理论、建构科研诚信外部规范学理基础,优化科研诚信外部规范的技术进路具有重要的现实参考意义。

submitted time 2021-02-20 Hits153Downloads84 Comment 0

2. chinaXiv:202102.00002 [pdf]

Periodic sponge effect on tourism

闫弘轩
Subjects: Management Science >> Development and Management of Human Resources

This paper investigates the relationship between the service sector and GDP in Denmark by adopting unit root test, Johansen cointegration test and Granger causality test with yearly data. The characteristics of service sector against agriculture sector, industry sector are also discussed. Under the monthly scale, the behaviours of the number of rented hotel room, power production and IPI are studied. The deindustralization caused by the development of tourism and the financial crisis of 2008 is discussed. The existence of periodic sponge effect between tourism and the manufacturing is found. By presenting several convinced explanations, this phenomenon will help to understand the dynamic mechanism of the economic developments. In the context of flexicurity labour market with flexible employment policies in Denmark, the unemployment issue against the tourism, power production and IPI is explored. Lastly, an approach to calculate periodic sponge effect index with some examples of Denmark’s data is proposed.

submitted time 2021-01-30 Hits186Downloads86 Comment 0

3. chinaXiv:202101.00070 [pdf]

The Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Routing Problem with Recharging

Mao, Huiting; Shi, Jianmai; Zhou, Zhongbao; Zheng, Long
Subjects: Management Science >> Management Engineering

The application of Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in both civilian and military domains is drawing increasing attention recently. This paper investigates a new routing problem of small UAVs for information collection, where UAVs can be recharged at platforms (ground vehicles or stations) distributed in the area. Different from the previous works on UAV routing, the UAVs are allowed to partially recharge their batteries according to the requirement in the following route. A mixed integer nonlinear programming model is developed to formulate the problem, where both the overall time for completing all targets’ observation and the number of UAVs are minimized. An improved adaptive large neighborhood search (ALNS) algorithm with simulated annealing criterion is designed, and a recharging platform insertion heuristic is developed to determine the recharging strategy and construct feasible solutions. To verify the effectiveness of the proposed ALNS algorithm, a set of new benchmark instances are designed based on the well-known Solomon dataset and solved. The computational results are compared with those obtained by the ant colony optimization and variable neighborhood search, which shows that ALNS performs significantly better and stable. Furthermore, analysis of the experimental results indicates that many advantages can be obtained through introducing the recharging strategy for small UAVs.

submitted time 2021-01-21 Hits251Downloads161 Comment 0

4. chinaXiv:202012.00015 [pdf]

An evolutionary analysis of economic hubs and transmission mechanisms for wastewater discharge

Li, Xuefeng
Subjects: Management Science >> Other Disciplines of Management Science

Due to the destruction of aquatic ecology and pollution of the water environment, policy formulation needs to pay more attention to factors other than economic benefits. Past research mainly relied on the average propagation lengths (APL) of wastewater discharge to empirically analyze the wastewater propagation between sectors. The hub sectors of wastewater discharge, which are densely-connected to other sectors, play key roles in reflecting wastewater discharge or wastewater treatment in the overall economic system. However, there is current ambiguity deficiency in analytic results of economic hubs and transmission mechanisms of wastewater discharge. At the same time, analyzing the transmission mechanism of wastewater discharge, proposing wastewater management and containment strategies are essential to sustainable development of water resource. This paper calculates the wastewater discharge APL based on the compiled sequential water input-occupancy-output tables of 49 sectors for 2002, 2007, 2012 and 2017 in China. Then, we introduce more broadly marginal dependence linkages into APL. A coupled model named APL-HCG (APL with hub covariance graph) is proposed to analyze the hub wastewater discharge sectors and hub propagation chains overall. The results illustrate the evolutionary pattern of the hub sectors of wastewater discharge and the transmission mechanism implicit in the key wastewater propagation chains nationwide from 2002 to 2017.

submitted time 2021-01-18 Hits3095Downloads279 Comment 0

5. chinaXiv:202007.00016 [pdf]

学者迁移研究综述

虞晨琳
Subjects: Library Science,Information Science >> Information Science

学者迁移将会影响国家的经济发展、科技进步和创新,学者迁移是各国和各研究的关注重点,通过系统梳理学者迁移研究问题和现状,为该领域的进一步研究提供参考与借鉴。调研国内外学者迁移研究文献,从学者迁移的界定标准、研究方法和研究内容等方面对研究文献进行综述。指出当前迁移研究存在的问题及未来研究方向,可以从迁移理论研究、迁移研究方法创新、迁移研究内容等方面进一步深化学者迁移相关研究

submitted time 2020-07-07 Hits26506Downloads1750 Comment 1

6. chinaXiv:202004.00005 [pdf]

金融科技中支持区块链生态系统的一般共识博弈框架

袁先智
Subjects: Mathematics >> Applied Mathematics
Subjects: Information Science and Systems Science >> Other Disciplines of Information Science and Systems Science

本文的目的是建立区块链生态系统中采矿池博弈共识均衡的一般框架,特别是在区块链生态系统中,通过使用一个新的概念“共识博弈(Consensus Game)”,解释与挖掘差距(Gap Games)博弈行为相关的共识均衡存在的意义上的稳定性,这里,区块链生态系统主要是指应用2008年中本聪(Nakamoto)所提出的“工作证明”(Proof of Work) 这一关键共识,将区块链工作的费用、报酬机制和采矿权三类不同因素考虑在内的经济活动。 为了做到这一点,我们首先概述了采矿池游戏共识均衡的一般存在性是如何表述的,然后通过区块链共识框架下共识均衡的存在性来解释比特币缺口博弈 (Gap博弈) 稳定性,然后利用博弈论中矿工的利润函数作为收益,建立了一般矿业缺口博弈一致均衡的一般存在性结果。作为应用,建立了缺口博弈 (Gap博弈)一致均衡的一般存在性结果,这不仅有助于我们在区块链生态系统的一般框架下断言缺口博弈 (Gap博弈) 的一般稳定性的存在性,但也让我们能够说明在研究采矿池博弈时的一些不同现象,这些现象可能是由于采矿者的(Gap博弈)行为与嵌入比特币经济学的情景造成的。 我们对区块链生态系统挖掘缺口博弈稳定性的解释研究表明,共识均衡的概念可能对共识经济学基础理论的发展起到重要作用

submitted time 2020-03-31 Hits13946Downloads1151 Comment 0

7. chinaXiv:202001.00115 [pdf]

在线内容的病毒式分享机制

刘伟
Subjects: Management Science >> Enterprise Management

通过社交网络发布优质在线内容以引发消费者的主动分享从而使该内容像病毒一样传播开来的营销方式被称为病毒式营销。在线内容的病毒式分享机制主要包括内容特征、心理动机、情绪反应、情境因素以及个体特征这五个方面,可以为品牌和自媒体有效提高在线内容的分享转发率提供系统的理论指导。未来研究需要进一步探索某些具体情绪的作用机制,识别出更多本土背景下的情境因素,关注病毒式营销的效果评估和心理行为后果,并采用更加多样化的研究方法。

submitted time 2020-01-15 Hits12156Downloads1148 Comment 0

8. chinaXiv:201904.00076 [pdf]

绿色消费情境下消费者为什么会言行不一?

戚海峰; 于辉; 向伟林; 孙韵益; 徐昌皓
Subjects: Management Science >> Sustainable Development Management

绿色消费情境下的态度--行为差异表现为个体对绿色产品所持态度与实际购买行为之间的不一致性。在可持续发展成为消费趋势之一的今天对该问题的研究具有重要意义。研究梳理了绿色消费行为中态度—行为差异的基本解释机制,在此基础上系统总结了自2010年以来个体心理层面的实证研究,并将营销与社会规范方面的相关研究成果与其进行整合。结合国内的研究现状,未来的研究需要在测量方法、动机性因素、学习与信任机制、跨文化研究等方面做进一步深入探讨。

submitted time 2019-03-27 Hits12541Downloads1201 Comment 0

9. chinaXiv:201901.00104 [pdf]

忠诚还是叛逆?中国组织情境下员工越轨创新行为研究

王弘钰; 崔智淞; 邹纯龙; 于佳利; 赵迪
Subjects: Management Science >> Development and Management of Human Resources

越轨创新行为是破除创新瓶颈,摆脱“创新者的窘境”的有效手段,是新时代创新的重要途径。目的的合理性和行为的偏离性,使越轨创新行为同时具有了“忠诚”和“叛逆”的色彩。以越轨创新究竟是“忠诚”还是“叛逆”这一问题作为切入点,分别从越轨创新行为的测量、形成机制和影响效能角度构建了一个围绕越轨创新行为的系统性研究。子研究1:基于创新过程视角,探讨中国组织情境下越轨创新行为的结构维度,开发本土化量表。子研究2:分别从个体、领导和组织三个层次、动态探讨越轨创新行为的形成机制。子研究3:基于事件系统理论,从越轨创新成功/失败两方面,构建和验证越轨创新行为对组织效能的影响机制。三个子研究相互联系并逐步递进。理论贡献在于深化学术界对越轨创新行为的理解,推动越轨创新理论的构建,并且拓展越轨理论、创新理论、积极组织行为学理论及事件系统理论的应用。

submitted time 2019-01-16 Hits11606Downloads5 Comment 0

10. chinaXiv:201901.00101 [pdf]

消费者何时愿意选择与规避群体关联的品牌?

杨德锋; 江霞; 宋倩文
Subjects: Management Science >> Enterprise Management

消费者何时愿意选择与规避群体关联的品牌?规避群体对消费者的影响机制还需要进一步研究。基于心理逆反理论,本文通过3个实验探讨自由威胁对消费者选择与规避群体关联的品牌的影响。结果发现,当消费者感知到高自由威胁时,选择与规避群体关联的品牌的意愿较高,心理逆反发挥中介作用,叙事和自尊水平对上述影响关系具有调节作用。叙事性的信息使得被试因自由威胁所产生的心理逆反降低,从而对与规避群体关联的品牌的选择意愿降低。对于高自尊的个体,在高自由威胁时更愿意选择与规避群体关联的品牌;而对于低自尊的个体,在高/低自由威胁情况下对规避群体关联的品牌的偏好无显著差异。本文探讨了自由威胁对消费者品牌偏好的影响,丰富了规避群体和品牌选择的研究;验证了心理逆反在自由威胁与规避群体关联品牌偏好之间的中介作用,深化了心理逆反理论。本文对企业在保留现有客户群的基础上,如何吸引外群体消费者具有一定的指导价值。

submitted time 2019-01-13 Hits12878Downloads1494 Comment 0

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