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Mesoscopic left-handed transmission lines in thermal Fock state

Shun-Cai ZhaoSubjects: Physics >> Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics

The fluctuations of the current and voltage of the quantized unit cell equivalent circuit in loss-less mesoscopic left-handed transmission lines (LH TL)are deduced by thermal field dynamics (TFD) theory. And the fluctuations dependent of negative refractive index (NRI) of mesoscopic LH TL is discussed further in thermal Fock state. The results indicate that the quantum fluctuations show linear increasing dependent of NRI, while the frequency within the microwave frequency band and thermal photons show destructive dependent of NRI at some temperature. When the unit cell equivalent circuit operates at the rising temperature, the NRI is decreasing. The results demonstrates that the lower frequency and temperature, little thermal photons are more conducive to NRI of the mesoscopic LH TL, which is significant for the miniaturizing applications of LH TL. |

submitted time
2016-10-17
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Quantum effects in thermal Fock state for mesoscopic left-handed transmission lines

S.C. ZhaoSubjects: Physics >> Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics

Subjects: Physics >> General Physics: Statistical and Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Information, etc.

A quantization scheme for an ideal loss-less mesoscopic left-handed transmission lines (LH TL) unit cell equivalent circuit is proposed and the fluctuations of the current and the voltage of the LH TL equivalent circuit in thermal Fock space are studied by thermal field dynamics (TFD) theory. In thermal Fock state the negative refractive index (NRI) of the LH TL unit cell equivalent circuit is discussed. The results indicate that the quantum fluctuations show the linear dependent of NRI at some temperature, while the frequency and the thermal photons are destructive dependent of NRI within the microwave frequency band. When the unit cell equivalent circuit operates at the rising temperature, the NRI is decreasing. The results demonstrates the ideal loss-less mesoscopic LH TL equivalent circuit operating at a lower frequency, temperature and with little thermal photons is more conducive to NRI, which coincides with the macroscopic real LH TL. |

submitted time
2016-06-26
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