• Effect of microchannel wall dimensions and temperature on ethylene glycol fluid’s thermal performance in two-dimensional microchannels using molecular dynamics simulation

    分类: 机械工程 >> 机械工程其他学科 提交时间: 2024-03-28

    摘要: Increasing the transfer (HT) coefficient used in thermal industries is very important. Various methods are used to improve the efficiency of thermal heat HT so that maximum HT takes place in a smaller space. Ethylene glycol (EG) is generally used as an agent for convective HT. EG obtains energy from a hot source and discharges it to the required location. At present, the most consumption of EG is to produce engine cooling fluid. In the upcoming research, the TB of EG fluid in two-dimensional microchannels (MCs) has been investigated using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, and the effect of variables such as MC dimensions and MC wall temperature (Temp) on the TB of the simulated fluid has been investigated. The results revealed that by increasing the Temp difference of the MC wall from 10 to 50 K, the maximum temperature (Max-Temp) and velocity (Max-Vel) of the target sample increased to 640.94 K and 0.024 Å/ps. It can be concluded that the increase in the cross-sectional area and the wall Temp difference leads to an increase in the HT rate in the MC.

  • Conventional and advanced exergy-exergoeconomic exergoenvironmental analyses of an organic Rankine cycle integrated with solar and biomass energy sources

    分类: 能源科学 >> 能源(综合) 提交时间: 2024-03-29

    摘要: Considering the huge consumption of traditional energy and the rising demand for electricity, the development of renewable energy is very necessary. In this paper, an energy system integrating biomass energy, solar and two-stage organic Rankine cycle (ORC) is proposed, which uses the stable energy output of biomass energy to compensate for the volatility of solar modules. The proposed system comprises a biomass boiler, photovoltaic thermal panels (PV/T), evaporators, condensers, working medium pumps, turbines, a preheater and an air preheater. In addition, conventional and advanced exergy, exergoeconomic and exergoenvironmental (3E) analyses are carried out. Conventional 3E analyses reveal two components that require priority improvement. They are respectively evaporator 1 with the largest exergy destruction (708.2kW) and exergy destruction environmental impact rate (775.3 mPt/h) and evaporator 2 with the largest exergy destruction cost rate (19.15$/h).The results of advanced 3E analyses show that the largest avoidable endogenous exergy destruction is condenser 1 (136.6kW), the largest avoidable endogenous exergy destruction cost rate is condenser 2 (3.377$/h),and the largest avoidable endogenous exergy destruction environmental impact rate is condenser 1 (196.1mPt/h). These mean that these components have great potential for improvement in reducing exergy destruction, saving cost and protecting the environment. In addition, the avoidable endogenous exergy destruction/cost/environmental impact rate of evaporator 2 are negative, so evaporator 2 is not suitable as a priority component for improvement, which is contrary to the conclusions of conventional 3E analyses. It is found that conventional 3E analyses can only point out the biggest exergy destruction point, but cannot indicate whether the components with the greatest exergy destruction have the greatest potential for improvement. However, advanced 3E analyses can show the improvement potential of each component by improving its own performance and the external conditions. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct advanced 3E analyses.