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  • Using a hybrid system to improve a lithium-ion battery in the presence of phase change material and the effect of air on the battery charge and discharge

    分类: 能源科学 >> 能源(综合) 提交时间: 2024-04-02

    摘要: In this article, a numerical analysis is done on the temperature of 4 plate-shaped battery cells with phase change material (PCM) chambers around each one in a rectangular shape. The batteries are placed in a channel with air flow. The study is done transiently in a time of ten minutes. The batteries are of lithium ion type and the analysis is provided in two dimensions. The battery cells are arranged in the form of two single battery cells at the beginning, and end of the channel and two battery cells in the middle of the channel. These two middle batteries are placed in parallel. By changing the distance between the two middle batteries from two to three cm, this study is conducted to investigate the temperature of each of the four battery cells and changes in the amount of frozen PCM. Finally, the results showed that the temperature of the two batteries at the beginning and the end, increased continuously during the ten minutes of the study. At a distance of three cm from the middle batteries, the lowest temperature occurred on the first and last batteries, while at the same distance, the highest temperature occurred on the middle ones. At a distance of two cm from the middle batteries, the lowest amount of frozen PCM was observed, while at a distance of three cm from the middle batteries, the highest amount of frozen PCM was found on the first and last batteries.

  • Study of Cycle Output Improvement by Work-Fluid Including Phase Change Material

    分类: 物理学 >> 普通物理:统计和量子力学,量子信息等 提交时间: 2017-11-02 合作期刊: 《热科学学报》

    摘要: This paper represents numerical simulation of flow inside an axial transonic compressor subject to inlet flow distortion, to evaluate its effect on compressor performance and stability. Two types of inlet distortion, namely inlet swirl and total pressure distortion are investigated. To study the effect of combined distortion patterns, different combinations of inlet swirl and total pressure distortion are also studied. Results for cases with total pressure distortion indicate that hub radial distortion improves stability range of the compressor while tip radial distortion deteriorates it. An explanation for this observation is presented based on redistribution of flow parameters caused by distortion and the way it interacts with stall inception mechanisms in a transonic axial compressor. Results also show that while co-swirl patterns slightly improve stability range of the compressor, counter-swirl patterns diminish it. Study of combined distortion cases reveals that superimposition of effects of each individual pattern could predict the effect of a combined pattern on compressor's performance within an accuracy of 1%. However, it is unable to predict the associated effect on compressor's stability.

  • Three-dimensional Numerical Study of Laminar Confined Slot Jet Impingement Cooling using Slurry of Nano-encapsulated Phase Change Material

    分类: 物理学 >> 普通物理:统计和量子力学,量子信息等 提交时间: 2017-11-02 合作期刊: 《热科学学报》

    摘要: The pintle injector used for a liquid rocket engine is a newly re-attracted injection system famous for its wide throttle ability with high efficiency. The pintle injector has many variations with complex inner structures due to its moving parts. In order to study the rotating flow near the injector tip, which was observed from the cold flow experiment using water and air, a numerical simulation was adopted and a verification of the numerical model was later conducted. For the verification process, three types of experimental data including velocity distributions of gas flows, spray angles and liquid distribution were all compared using simulated results. The numerical simulation was performed using a commercial simulation program with the Eulerian multiphase model and axisymmetric two dimensional grids. The maximum and minimum velocities of gas were within the acceptable range of agreement, however, the spray angles experienced up to 25% error when the momentum ratios were increased. The spray density distributions were quantitatively measured and had good agreement. As a result of this study, it was concluded that the simulation method was properly constructed to study specific flow characteristics of the pintle injector despite having the limitations of two dimensional and coarse grids.